Gauchos of South America

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May - 15 - 2011

Gauchos – South American cowboys, and during the Week of Criollo they come from all over South America to compete for the title of best jockey in the Uruguayan capital of Montevideo.

Gauchos out of the viewing hole after watching the performances of other cowboys on brumby at Criolla in Montevideo on April 19. In Montevideo, come from all over the Gauchos of Uruguay and neighboring Argentina and Brazil. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho – social, including sometimes even sub-ethnic group in Argentina, Uruguay and the State of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil, which is close in spirit to American cowboys. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gauchos in traditional shoes of rawhide profits to compete for the title of best rider. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho on brumby Creole week. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

A fall from a horse at a celebration in Montevideo. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho appeared in XVI-XVII centuries. as a result of marriages of Spaniards with local Indian women (the tribes of the Tupi, Guarani, etc.). (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho work with brumby. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

The most widespread way of life gaucho acquired during early European colonization, when the Gauchos were nomadic, semi-nomadic life, working herders (cattle, sheep). (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho is trying to cope with the brumby. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Fall of horse at the cowboy. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Since the beginning of mass European immigration in the late 19 – early. 20 centuries the traditional gaucho lifestyle faded into the background and become less noticeable. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho on brumby in Montevideo on April 18. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Many of the gauchos, being familiar with the peculiarities and habits of their countries, having a long history and numerous clan-related communications, received a huge land holdings and grazing by hiring European immigrant laborers and has a tremendous impact on an authoritarian domestic and foreign policies of their states in the so- called the military junta. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

The term gaucho, probably derives from the Quechua language where the word huachu means “orphan”, “vagrant”. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho with a traditional saddle preparing travel around the horse. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gauchos on horseback with a knife with a handle made of silver and gold. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

There was also a millionaire Esteban Agusta Hilibrand Gaucho, who belonged to a family of slaves, who left after his death in all directions. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho help someone (right) to get off the brumby, where he has held the required amount of time. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Initially, gauchos led a nomadic life, which eventually evolved into a Farmer-stock-raising. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Then a gaucho and easily treated with horses, that what they are still considered unsurpassed masters. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Current Gaucho gladly show for everyone his amazing skills. A classic exercise in confirming the rider’s ability to own a horse, is the trick with the ring. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

At a high horizontal bar suspended from a metal ring. Rider problem is to put his horse into a gallop, and then strung the ring on a small stick. Even experienced riders do this is far from always. After all, here it is necessary to calculate precisely the same time, many things: the speed of horses, the direction of its motion, lifting his hands, and with constant adjustments to the jumps during the canter. Even standing still fall into the hanging ring is not easy, but in such conditions – even more so. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

However, of course, not playing a stick and a ringlet turned gaucho in Argentine society outcasts. Very soon, skills and talents gauchos found another use. Almost all of the XIX century after independence from Spain in Argentina raging civil war. Numerous kaudilos – provincial chiefs – called for under its banner thousands of gauchos to fight with their neighbors. In this case, drunkenness, stabbing, debauchery and gambling are not just condoned, but even welcomed. This was considered a manifestation of the true masculine strength and courage. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

With the establishment of a long-awaited cease-fire days gauchos were numbered. In the civilized world Domingo Sarmiento them no place. Thousands of herdsmen overnight came to symbolize savagery and backwardness of the Argentine society. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Naturally, the gaucho was declared a real war. Authorities scrambled to get rid of them from this world. Was held a powerful publicity campaign, representing all the gauchos scoundrels and criminals. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

And when the gauchos do not remain, the Argentines came to realize that it is an integral part of their cultural and spiritual heritage. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Humanistic sentiment warmed poems and novels about life miserable Argentine cattlemen. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho work with brumby. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho with a buckle made of silver gilt. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

Gaucho leave the viewing hole, looking at an address other gauchos, in Montevideo on April 19. (REUTERS / Andres Stapff)

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